According to today's newspaper, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare has just released a survey result for the 2004 fiscal year that more than 72% of the women surveyed took an official child rearing leave from work - the highest percentage ever. On the other hand, the percentage for the men surveyed was only 0.5%, a slight decrease compared to the previous year, and this is far short of the official target rate 10% for men to take child rearing leaves. Does this mean that Japanese men don't care about their family or their children? The answer seems to be "no," if we look at another survey result. That is about childcare leaves for parents to take care of their children in case of illness or injuries. Actually, 9.2 percent of the women surveyed took a childcare leave, while 2.5 percent of the men surveyed took such a leave and the ratio was 2 women to 1 men in terms of absolute numbers. This shows that although Japanese men are less involved in their family affairs concerning their children than their western counterparts, they are by no means unconcerned or indifferent about their children's welfare. Probably the real problem may lie in their workplace, where corporate culture (more generally, organization culture) does not allow male employees to take a leave until they can provide "convincing" excuses such as their children's "illness or injuries," but not "childrearing." If that is the case, Japanese men suffer from the dilemma that they face, and some top-down initiative is needed to change such an environment fundamentally.